dancing / smile => smiling Maria is dancing This young girl is smiling • Sorry TO + Verb / Sorry FOR Verb+ING. like, love, hate and prefer) can be followed by either “-ing” or “to.”. We just need to ask ourselves, “Is this a ‘to man’ verb or an ‘ing lady’ verb?”. Verbs + -ing Some verbs in English are followed by another verb in the -ing form. ‘-ing’ or ‘to’? How to add : '-ING' to a verb General rule : add -ING to the base form talking / sing => singing / read => reading John is talking to his neighbour Mr. Deck The bird is singing.. A few rules:. We use Interested TO to say how somebody reacts to what they hear/see/read/learn/know/find: I was interested to hear that you got engaged. Gabriel Clark is an English teacher with 14 years’ experience and an MA in TESOL and Applied Linguistics from Portsmouth University. I have been struggling to grasp these concepts, so I really have enjoyed reviewing your post…:). After enjoy we have the verb ending in ING, in this case playing. Because she wanted to do another thing (pushing to the future): Judy stopped skiing. Verb + “to verb” is pushing to the future. ”. When we use the verb “need” followed by the passive: …we can replace the passive infinitive part “to be cooked” with a gerund: Yeah, you can use my bike, but the tyre needs pumping. , not swallowing prescritive rule down the thoat , but being able to know the reason behind things . Some other verbs can take either “-ing” or “to,” but the meaning changes. Imagine travelling the world in a hot air balloon! For example, “I never got around to calling her back.” Before we do something, it’s good to have a plan, right? Verb + “-ing” is more “real,” based on experience and is usually a process (not a goal). It’s more scientific. When we say “Alper likes watching people skiing,” we’re focusing on Alper’s enjoyment when he watches people skiing. I would be interested to know what Brian thinks. To + verb : Decide, Plan, Agree, Hope, Want , Refuse, Learn, Need , Promise, Ask, Choose, Would like , Would prefer, Would hate , Verb + ing : Admit , Avoid . But there are lots of things she can do to solve the problem. What a great explanation ! You know the difference between talking about general actions (I take my giraffe for a walk every day) and actions happening right now (I’m feeding the giraffe right now — I’ll call you back). It normally occurs with the word to as in ‘I want to ask you a question.’ Verbs may change their spelling according to which tense is being used. If we use another verb after these verbs, it often takes the -ing form. “-ing lady” is more nostalgic because she spends more time thinking about experiences. : Thanks for the positive feedback Yajaira! He plans and considers the future. We don’t use Afraid of +ING for things we do intentionally: The path was dangerous, we were afraid of falling. Fantastic!! Here’s what happened before this picture: Judy was skiing. I often get the question, “How do we know which verbs take ‘-ing’ and which verbs take ‘to’?” and for many years, I told my students “you just have to learn it.”, I was wrong (it happens!). How do we do that? Well, let’s start with the sentence from before: There’s only one person in this sentence (Anna), because Anna is doing the wanting and Anna is doing the eating. Look forward to is a phrasal verb; it’s considered a unit, and after this phrasal verb we always use the -ING form. Remember — if you have any questions for me, let me know and I might be able to include them in future posts! (am, are, is). The "-ing" form is used in progressive verb tenses with auxiliary verbs (helping verbs). gerund and infinitive. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Hate, like, love, prefer. It’s quite original the approach with dichotomy man-woman, feellings-planning, expirience-scientific… I loved it. The preposition to calls for a 'nominal' (noun-like) object to express this whole, and the -ing form of a verb is the one which can act syntactically as a noun (in this case traditional grammar calls the -ing form a "gerund"), so that is the form selected. But don’t be confused! Awesome lecture. Some verbs (or adjectives or nouns) need ‘to + infinitive’ or ‘for + verb-ing’ as part of their patterns. It’s Anna! But we like him. To infinitive or ING Ejercicio para practicar verbos que van seguidos de TO o ING ID: 350583 Language: English ... More Verb patterns interactive worksheets. You can also use a VERB+ING clause to explain something, or to say why somebody does something. To make things worse, some verbs may be followed by both forms. The past tense refers to things that happened in the past. That´s what I like, i.e. And yes — there is another layer of meaning that they point out that I didn’t include in my post — if you need to differentiate between watching a sport or doing it, we would use -ing for the watching and “to verb” for the doing. I’m still digesting. If we use another verb after these verbs, it often takes the -ing form. This is different from the uses I’ve talked about above, because here we are not always talking about purpose. I like to go to the dentist twice a year. She’s having such a good time, she’ll be sorry to leave. . We stop doing an action to do something else. (because she lives by the beach) When a verb is followed by another verb, the second verb must be either an infinitive with 'to' such as 'to do', 'to make', 'to go' etc. Rules For Changing Verbs Into ING Form 1. Thanks. Which form you need depends on what the first verb is. The second one usually needs to change into the - ing form or the to + infinitive form. In general we prefer to use the verb-ing after like, love or hate. Enjoy + verb-ing. The suffix is also found in certain words like morning and ceiling, and in names such as Browning. I don’t like snakes, I’m afraid of being bitten. Who do you think is more organized? So, as you can see, although there are different ways to use “-ing” and “to,” they usually follow the general rule: We’re going to meet these lovely people again in part 2. In English, some verbs have to be followed by the Gerund (-ING form) while others are followed by the Infinitive (to…). It’s more about how the sentence feels. “To man” is more organised — he thinks about plans! You’ll actually find the “-ing” form everywhere in English. In which case, we don’t necessarily need to use it with “be”: “Having to wake up this early should be illegal.”, Great question and thanks for commenting! (so they don’t), She was afraid to tell her boyfriend what happened. That’s right! (We don’t know what the problem is — it’s personal!). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8B6L6d9B4Gw I’m getting confused by the second example with boxing in the video. Let’s understand this through the previously mentioned simple sentences. We CANNOT say: We enjoy to play cards. For ESL learners. These two forms look identical. • Interested IN + Verb+ING / Surprised TO + Verb+ING. Lady Ingrid and Gent-2 like football; they both fans but in a slightly different way. Excellent! Can i look at it as if a reporter or an outsider describes someone else’s habit or routine? To find out more about them and see more examples, please click the link at the bottom of this page. I’ll try and include it in a post. I want to share a simple trick with you that will help you decide whether to use “-ing” or “to verb.” This trick is universal, but today let’s look at how it works after verbs (V). 4 Weird Tricks to Sound More Creative, Body Parts in English: 71 Parts of the Body You Might Not Know, Patterns in English: Everything You Need To Know (Almost), Making the Mountain Smaller: 3 Killer Strategies for Learning English Vocabulary. When we say “Alper likes to watch people skiing,” we’re focusing on describing Alper’s habits and routines. I’m planning to visit Mongolia next spring. Well, they’re both correct, but carry slightly different meanings. It helps me a lot. You are not logged in! But only the “main” verb (usually the first verb) in a sentence changes because of the tense. I'll … Dear Sir It will be highly appriciated if you leave a post regarding Artical”the” the rules and usages. She’s a passionate woman and longing for tension and drama of the event. She’s looking into the future to the point in time when her problem is solved. He’s the “Clark” in Clark and Miller, a website that focuses on giving learners a deeper understanding of how English works through online courses and a blog that often features giraffes. So far (until now) we’ve looked at how “to man” and “-ing lady” work when we want to use two verbs in the same sentence. There are two basic reasons to add -ing to the end of a verb: to form one of the progressive tenses or to make a gerund . Your email address will not be published. Verb Tenses: Adding "-ed" And "-ing" The basic form of a verb is called the infinitive. Some of them will work. I like your style! Some won’t. These verbs include hate, like, love and prefer: • I hate cooking but I love eating • I hate to cook but I love to eat Awesome!!! We also use Sorry FOR Verb +ING, or Sorry ABOUT Verb+ING to apologise for something you did before: Here are a few more verbs that use particular forms. Like the Papa Teach Me guy in the video says, the difference is soooo small and usually it’s best to just stick to -ing. What if there are two verbs in the sentence? Gerund- Gerund verb + ing Gerund nou n verb Gerund sentence-subject object Examples: Walking along the busy street is dangerous. Check out our infographic: https://www.clarkandmiller.com/a-or-the/. Thank you very much! Please tell me if you have any other questions about English. I love going to … Verbs with "-ing" You've probably seen a lot of verbs with -ing at the end of them, like sleeping, talking , or walking . We can use Sorry TO to apologise at the time we do something: I’m sorry to disturb you, but I need your help. This means that it’s abstract (not “real”) and that means it can feel “philosophical.” It’s usually a goal (not a process). Why? When you have a problem, you have one ultimate goal: “How can I solve this problem?”, Here’s Amanda with her problem. The difference in meaning is often small. Online quiz to test your understanding of to-infinitive or -ing in English. ; 2. Do you have any questions about English vocab/grammar? You can talk about plans in the future (I’m going to visit a giraffe house tomorrow) and predictions in the future (There won’t be many giraffes in the pub at 10 o’clock). Click here for part 2. Everything you need to know (part one: after verbs). We’re so glad you found it useful! Here are six common uses of the "-ing" form: 1. No problem Marison. I couldn’t leave without a comment, thank you ! He hoped to buy a box for his massive cake. We enjoy playing cards. So although we can use “to verb” as a sort of technical, less experiential expression, when we find ourselves in situations like the guy who likes boxing and doesn’t like to box, then their roles appear to flip. Some verbs can be followed by the infinitive or -ing form without a big change in meaning: begin, continue, hate, intend, like, love, prefer, propose, start It started to rain / It started raining I like to play tennis / I like playing tennis Infinitive or -ing Quiz As you can see, these are the actions she needs to do to solve the problem. For many verbs, we make the ING form by simply adding -ING to end of the verb. Thanks a bunch for this . Which one is the correct one? He’s a thinker, not so much a doer. I’m glad to have helped! Thank you, Gabriel, for your explanation. “We have a gardener to look after our garden” feels more like the answer to the question “Why do you have a gardener?” “We have a gardener looking after our garden” feels more like the answer to the question “What does your gardener do?”. ; I was writing when the pizza arrived. The -ing form emphasises the verb itself. 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