past simple "I know you." Just a hint for our students when they have to face it. When someone says something, how do you describe it to another person? Study and understand following direct and indirect speech Mcqs exercise for sequence of tenses. simple past. We’ve got common tips and tricks to help your English language learners remember how to use reported speech. For example-Direct speech: The sun rises from the East. let’s have a glance at the following rules: 1. We can write this in reported speech as follows : Malcolm said (that) he liked coffee. REPORTED SPEECH: OTHER POINTS A. Reported speech: She said that the sun rises/rose from the East. -> She said she knew him.. 2) Present continuous -> past continuous This is called backshifting. REPORTED SPEECH A) Introduction Reported or indirect speech occurs when you tell somebody else what you or another person said before. = She said that she was tired. simple present becomes simple past; simple past becomes … (2) The verb like, which Malcolm used in the present simple tense, has been changed to past simple tense. 1) Use 1.1. If this verb is in the present tense, it's easy. Reported speech. Jan 6, 2020 - Reported speech tenses may differ from the tense of the direct speech. Don't confuse time with tense. Exception: A present tense in direct speech may not become a past tense in the reported speech if it’s a fact or something generic we are talking about in the sentence. Note (1) There is no comma after said. He said he didn't work at Honda. This handy chart and tips will help students remember common verb tense and modal changes in reported speech. He said: "My mother is here." The general rule for tenses in reported speech is that it changes to the past tense. She said she had seen Mary the day before. We need to consider the tense, pronoun, words that describe time, place, distance, types of sentences, etc. DIRECT QUOTE: INDIRECT (REPORTED) SPEECH: SIMPLE PRESENT changes to SIMPLE PAST "I work at Toyota." He said, “I play cricket everyday” He said that he played cricket everyday. It is more common to use reported speech Let's look at the same example again. Direct Speech(DS): He said," I wrote Jean a letter." Noun Clauses/Reported Speech (Indirect Speech) Tense Harmony or Sequencing (except for a few exceptions*, the following changes are made when reporting quoted speech) Quoted speech: Later reporting : present tense verb: simple past: present continuous: past continuous: present perfect. Notice that the spoken words are in quotation marks: "This meat smells bad." He said that it must be pretty late and he really must go. will) into “would” Future Progressive Tense (e.g. Therefore, you need to learn how to transform direct speech into reported speech. Jan 5, 2020 - Reported speech tenses may differ from the tense of the direct speech. This is called backshifting. However, we can also use other reporting verbs. Past Simple Tense into Past Perfect Tense Past Progressive Tense into Perfect Continuous Tense Past Perfect Tense (The tense remains unchanged) Past Perfect Progressive Tense (The tense remains unchanged) Future Simple Tense (e.g. She said, “I will enjoy you company” She said that ... Read moreReported Speech Exercise Sequence of Tenses "I'm not a salesman." BACKSHIFT OF TENSES Verb tenses DIRECT SPEECH REPORTED SPEECH PRONOUNSVerb tenses Simple Present Do you I am a carpenter. We use Reported Speech(RS) to report what someone has said in a previous moment. Normally, the tense in reported speech is one tense back in time from the tense in direct speech: She said, "I am tired." "I don't work at Honda." The whole set is divided into three groups as reporting statements, reporting questions and reporting imperatives, which will help students identify the different structures used with reported speech.The sentences are written in the theme of nature and the environment. This lesson will focus on reported speech, or you can call it "indirect speech." "I am a manager." He said that he had been there the year before. INDIRECT (REPORTED) SPEECH TENSE CHANGE LIST. Reported speech: She asked me if I ... Verb Changes . Click here for a list of all the reported speech exercises. Direct John: 'I am going.' When we report a speech we must change the tense of the original sentence. That’s why when we remake direct speech into reported we need to go one tense back. Past … He said he wasn't a salesman. So now you have no problem with making reported speech from positive and negative sentences. Indirect speech (sometimes called reported speech), doesn’t use quotation marks to enclose what the person said and it doesn’t have to be word for word. Reported speech: She said (that) the sky is/was blue. Transferring the sentence that someone else says is called indirect speech. Direct and Indirect Speech With Examples and Detailed Explanations Direct speech is the ones that the person establishes himself / herself. What Are Tenses in English Grammar: Tenses expresses time reference with reference to the moment of Speaking.In English Grammar, Tenses have 3 main forms, The Present Tense, The Past Tense, and Future Tense. will be) into “would be” Future Perfect Tense (e.g. changing to the past tense to make reported speech. She said Moo was living there with them. 2) Tense Changes 2.1. You can use it as a refresher or as a reminder when they practice this gramm Present simple to past simple tense: Direct speech: I work hard. You’re absolutely right, one sentence is direct speech and one sentence is reported speech. 2. Although the past tense is most often used in indirect speech, you can also use other verb tenses. Present simple in the DS: She said, "It's cold." Learn the basics of how to do this in a quick and easy grammar lesson. REPORTED SPEECH TENSE CONVERSION RULES Direct Speech Reported Speech “I want a holiday” (Present Simple) She told me she wanted a holiday (Past Simple) “Bob is annoying me” (Present Continuous) Jane said Bob was annoying her (Past Continuous) “I have eaten too much” (Present Perfect) He said he had eaten too much (Past Perfect) “The class has been interesting” (Present … In Spanish “ que ” is compulsory: Dijo que trabajaba duro. 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