. By comparing the bats I will be able to find out what the best bat for your buck and for your future is. This means a more likely chance for players to get injured. Wood bats must be hit on the face grain for maximum performance or risk breaking. These results show that my hypothesis was correct as the aluminum bat performed the best. How many of the hits that stung were associated with a long distance? I am also doing a project for school involving wood vs. metal bats. In your experiments, you will mark the "sweet zone" on the end of each of your bats and see if hits from this region actually produce the longest line drives and feel the best to the batter. A list of search terms and questions is included in the next section as a guide. Not only do wood bats have more to offer overall in terms of performance, but they also drive you to improve your fundamentals in the batter’s box. Every summer, some of the top college baseball players join the West Coast League for extra preparation. This science fair project can also be repeated by comparing different brands of wooden and aluminum bats. Bat Responsiveness: Whereas aluminum bats are lighter and minimize vibration to the player's hands, wood bats give the hitter the bat's feedback with contact. A faster swing creates more power that results in the ball being hit harder and coming off the bat quicker. Copyright © 2002-2020 Science Buddies. "File Not Found - Kettering University." On the other hand, how many of the hits that felt good (had a low rating on the "sting" level) were associated with short distance? One of baseball's long-standing disputes revolves around the question of which type of bat, wood or aluminum, is better for whacking a long one out of the park. How much difference in distance is there between hits that were in the sweet zone and hits that were out of (above and below) the sweet zone? As the manufacturers continue to make bats from wood and metal even today, the end users seem to be in a dilemma as to which of these bats are more efficient. Each of these characteristics has been carefully studied by bat manufacturers and baseball physics researchers. In the test on how far the ball travels off the bat they concluded that the ball will travel on average sixty feet further off of an aluminum bat. CALIFORNIA STATE SCIENCE FAIR 2009 PROJECT SUMMARY Ap2/09 Name(s) Project Number Project Title Abstract Summary Statement Help Received Skylar T. Frantz Wood or Aluminum: Which Baseball Bat Hits the Ball the Furthest? Wood Bats Vs Aluminum Bats Science Project Fine Woodworking'S ( Watch Anywwere) | Wood Bats Vs Aluminum Bats Science Project Get Access To Plans! Arrange with your assistant the day and time to meet at the ball park. These tubes are machined to vary the wall thickness and the diameter, and produce bats that are light, strong, and hollow, as opposed to the solid wood. Therefore this guy thinks everyone should use a wood bat from the younger levels all the way to the Pro’s. Basically, it's a matter of vibration and location. Overall, how would you rate the quality of this project? After doing my experiment I have found out that when I used the wood bat I hit an average of 134.63 FT. Total the distances of the hits for those above, within, and below the sweet zone for each bat. For each hit, the out-field assistant should mark where the ball lands with a stake or flag. Old school will always be in the mix causing the aluminum vs wood bats to be front and center of opposing the metal bats. Aluminum is more elastic than wood. . Repeat your experiment several days in a row and re-evaluate your data. Wrap two pieces of tape around the bat to mark the outer margins of the sweet zone on each bat (an area between 4–7 inches from the end). Wood bats have a limited length minus weight restrictions so they won’t be swung as fast and if you get jammed or hit the ball in a bad spot the bat will break. It also allows them to get used to swinging a wood bat versus… Aluminum: Technology Advance, or Dangerous Change? Difference Between Aluminum and Wooden Baseball Bats. Do to the different feel of the bats it is hard for a player to get used to a wood bat. The most stunning change in baseball bats in the past fifty years started in the 1970s, when bats made from tubes of aluminum began to appear. Calculate the average hit distances (in meters) for each category. Please enter a search term in the text box. Reproduction of material from this website without written permission is strictly prohibited. understand the following terms and concepts: To do this experiment you will need the following materials and equipment: Try one of our science activities for quick, anytime science explorations. Several factors come into play when comparing wood bats to aluminum bats. I immediately went online to help him search for an idea to do a science project on. Narrow down the "sweet zone:" From your research, identify the more precise locations of two specific sweet spots: the COP (center of percussion) and the sweet spot associated with decreased bat vibrations. If the batter starts getting tired, he/she should rest a few minutes between switching bats. They argue over the importance of ball park locations, weather, altitude, and left-handed pitchers. 2. The more hits you have from each area of the bat, the better your statistics will be when analyzing your data. The goal is to collect data from at least 30 good hits from each bat, ideally including at least 10 hits from above the sweet zone, 10 hits from within, and 10 hits from below the sweet zone. To do this project, you should do research that enables you to A down side of using an aluminum bat is that it may cost up to 10 times more than the wood bat equivalent. Do you see any consistencies with the "feel" of a hit and the distance the ball traveled? Introductory website into the history and science of baseball, sweet spots, swings, and more: Everything you ever wanted to know about the physics of baseball from a scientist who studies it: Baseball bats: one wood, another aluminum of equal length, Baseballs: at least three of the exact same size and type, Long tape measure or electronic measuring device (if not metric, then convert feet to meters), Stakes or colored flags to mark where baseballs land. An aluminum bat is also more forgiving and unlikely to break when not hit in the sweet part of the bat. With the Wood Bat Vs Aluminum Bat Science Project free woodworking plans package, you will get help to build all kinds of projects, be it furniture, sheds, beds or wind generators. Looking back at your original Record of Hits data table, how many of the hits that felt good (had a low rating on "sting" level) were associated with a long distance? Now do your research, gather up your gear, then head out to the park to let those line drives fly. More hits: Do you think collecting more data would produce different (or more convincing) results? Alternating between the wood and aluminum bats after every five hits gives a fairer comparison, especially when fatigue could be a factor toward the end of the experiment. jeff smith - Massachusetts. The wood bat can go just as far an a aluminum bat but the wood bat is heavier then the aluminum bat. "Aluminum Bats vs. Wood Bats -." Scientific studies have shown that several such points exist near the wide end of the bat. "Aluminum Bats VS Wood Bats." Aluminum bats are hollow, except near the handle end, so they tend to be lighter and swing faster than a solid wood bat of the same length. Following each hit, also note the "feel" of the hit by rating the amount of vibration or "sting" felt. Volume 13 number 1 | The Sport Journal. Having a light bat and a big sweet spot or barrel of the bat really helps the ball travel. They compare and discuss players' batting averages, runs batted in, and slugging percentage, along with pitchers' allowed hits and runs, strikeouts, and innings pitched. Some youth wood bats have massive holes bored. Dec 4, 2015 - Science Fair Projects - Swing velocity of aluminum and wooden baseball bats. Decreasing the weight of the bat may increase the bat swing speed; however, the lower mass may decrease the collision between the bat and the ball. 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